Physician beliefs and management practices of coexistent Asthma-Allergic Rhinitis: Indian results from multi-country ASPAIR study

Original Article

Author Details : Neeraj Markandeywar*, Vaibhav Kubal, Indu Khosla, Sumitra Shantakumar, David Hinds

Volume : 5, Issue : 4, Year : 2020

Article Page : 237-243

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Context: Frequent coexistence and strong etiological linkage between asthma and allergic rhinitis (AR) result in higher burden with comorbid condition than individual disease.
Aim: To understand attitude, perceptions, and current management practices among general practitioners (GPs) and pediatricians towards coexistent asthma-AR.
Settings and Design: A cross sectional survey was conducted in India, China, Malaysia, Vietnam, etc.
Results presented here are focused on India. Physicians working in public and private sector of 10
Metropolitan cities were approached in person for this survey.
Materials and Methods: A representative national sample of physicians was recruited at hospitals and clinics using a probability-based sampling methodology for a total of 200 physician in India.
Results: 98 GPs and 102 pediatricians in India were surveyed. Clinical features and family history of atopy was used by 96% and 82% physicians, respectively to form a diagnosis of asthma. 54% of physicians enquired about common triggers, 48% conducted spirometry. 25% of physicians used patient outcome questionnaires to assess control. AR was diagnosed by nasal (91% of physicians) or ocular symptoms (72% of physicians) and 32% performed skin prick test or serum Immunoglobulin E (IgE). In uncontrolled coexisting asthma-AR, 78% of physicians modified treatment, 21% of physicians referred to a specialist. 88% of physicians were concerned that treating both conditions required added medications, 59% of physicians felt managing both simultaneously was difficult, and 55% of physicians believed it was enough to manage more severe condition.
Conclusion: Study highlights low implementation of guidelines despite awareness and need for continued medical education to encourage appropriate diagnosis and management of co-existent asthma-AR.
Key Message: Though the physicians are aware of the guidelines, there was poor utilization in clinical practice. This indicates a need for increase in awareness of guideline recommendations on co existent asthma-AR and improving management of patients. This also eludes to the development of an easy to use diagnostic tool for asthma- AR co-existence.

Keywords: Allergic rhinitis, Asthma, ASPAIR, Coexistent asthmaallergic rhinitis.

How to cite : Markandeywar N, Kubal V, Khosla I, Shantakumar S, Hinds D , Physician beliefs and management practices of coexistent Asthma-Allergic Rhinitis: Indian results from multi-country ASPAIR study. IP Indian J Immunol Respir Med 2020;5(4):237-243

Copyright © 2020 by author(s) and IP Indian J Immunol Respir Med. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (

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