A cross-sectional study to correlate demographic and clinical profile of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis patients in a tertiary hospital


Original Article

Author Details : Mohit Bhardwaj*, Kusum V. Shah

Volume : 6, Issue : 2, Year : 2021

Article Page : 80-85

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijirm.2021.018



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Abstract

Background: One of the major hurdles in eradication of Tuberculosis is the development of Multi-drug resistant Tuberculosis, which needs timely identification and treatment to avoid its spread in the community.
Aim: The present study is an attempt to correlate demographic and clinical profile of multi drug-resistant tuberculosis cases coming to the facility
Setting and Design: A Hospital-based Cross-sectional Observational Study in Department of Respiratory Medicine, Smt. B.K. Shah Medical Institute and Research Center and Dhiraj Hospital, Vadodara, Gujarat.
Materials and Methods: Among subjects diagnosed as Multi-drug Resistant Tuberculosis over a period of one and a half years from May 2016 to November 2017. A detailed clinical profile physical examination and laboratory investigations were done and correlated with demographic profile. 
Statistical analysis: Data was analyzed in Open source software OpenEpi. P value was considered to be significant at P<0> Results: Majority of patients were aged between 40 to 50 years with Male to female ratio was 1.5:1. Most patients were farmers, home makers (unemployed), and labourers and had a low education with lower socioeconomic status. The symptom profile indicated weight loss, loss of appetite, cough with expectoration, dyspnoea and fever. 70% of the patients had haemoglobin levels < or n=21;> absence of an inflammatory condition. A major proportion of patients (n=24; 80%) had lymphocyte count > 20. The patients had high prevalence of co-morbidities.
Conclusions: Most of patients of multidrug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB)were 40 to 50 years of age with male predominance from lower socio-economic strata, had a low annual income and a positive history of tuberculosis. Multidisciplinary approach for the management of MDR-TB is needed.

Keywords: Multi-drug resistant, Tuberculosis, Dyspnoea, MDR-TB.


How to cite : Bhardwaj M , Shah K V, A cross-sectional study to correlate demographic and clinical profile of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis patients in a tertiary hospital. IP Indian J Immunol Respir Med 2021;6(2):80-85


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and IP Indian J Immunol Respir Med. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)



Article History

Received : 23-03-2021

Accepted : 26-04-2021

Available online : 07-06-2021


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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijirm.2021.018


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